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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3771\margr2893\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3775\margrsxn4275\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr651\colno2\colw2819 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 172}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 EMPIRE : ADMINISTRATION}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3771\margrsxn2893\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb227\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 jas, Nabhaka-Nabhapamtis, Andhras and Parimdas or \expndtw-4 Paladas.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi450\ri7\sb7\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Lastly, the edicts contain references to some of the \expndtw0 towns of the empire, viz., Bodhgaya, Taksasila (Taxila), Tosali, Samapa, Ujjayini, Suvarnagiri (Songir or Kana-\expndtw4 kagiri), Isila, Kausambi, Pataliputra.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi457\ri7\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 All these evidences indicate that the empire "ex\-\expndtw11 tended from the Hindu-Kush in the north-west to \expndtw5 Bengal in the east; and from the foot of the mountains \expndtw10 in the north to the Chitaldroog district in the south. \expndtw1 It also comprised the two extremities of Kalinga and \expndtw10 Saurastra. Indeed, it was of such imposing dimen\-\expndtw0 sions that A3oka was fully justified in saying "mahalake \expndtw10 hi vijitam", i.e., "vast is my empire" (R. E. XIV).\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw0 No king in ancient India was ever master of such exten\-\expndtw3 sive territories.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Administration}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi965\ri36\sb162\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 administrative system remained more or less \expndtw10 the same as in the time of Candragupta Maurya. It \expndtw12 was an absolute benevolent monarchy, and Asoka \expndtw0 laid special stress upon the paternal principle of govern\-\expndtw12 ment. \i \\ \i0 In the second Kalinga Edict he says: "All \expndtw-2 men are my children, and just as I desire for my children \expndtw-1 that they may enjoy every kind of prosperity and happi\-\expndtw6 ness both in this world and in the next, so also do I \expndtw2 desire the same for all men." /As before, there was a \expndtw-2 council of Ministers \i (Partsad), \i0 "to advise and help the \expndtw2 Emperor in the business of the state (R. E. Ill and VI). \expndtw-1 He continued also the system of Provincial Adminis\-\expndtw7 tration.) The important provinces were each under a}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li32\fi374\ri83\sb234\sa0\sl-209\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 iRapson takes them to be "border peoples" to the north\-\expndtw1 west and to the south "beyond the king's dominions" but "coming \expndtw11 within his sphere of influence" \i (Cam. Hist. Ind., \i0 Vol. I, p. \expndtw-11 514).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li410\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 8\nosupersub  In R.E. V, Asoka calls his Empire \i "Sava pu(tha)viyam"}\par }